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It is most commonly known as Nerium or oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea.
Nerium is evergreen shrub that grows upto the height of 4 m and bearing leaves all the year around. Nerium indicum is distributed all over the Philippines, India and Nepal found on the ranges of 6500 feet. It is commonly cultivated for its sweet smelling flowers which have medicinal uses.
Used as an ornamental plant in landscapes, in parks, and along roadsides
Nerium has various medicinal uses and the leaves and flowers are thought to have actions as tonic, cardio tonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic and expectorant
Leaves and flowers are also used to treat malaria and as traditional medicine it induces the termination of embryo
The tincture or decoction is been used externally to reduce swelling and scabies
The root powder is an external remedy for hemorrhoids and ulcers around genitals
Leaves and bark is treated as insecticide, rat poison and parasitic
The plant of Indian oleander is thought to possess anti-cancerous activities