Plant height: 3 - 5 inches (7 - 13 cm)
Plant spread: 4 - 8 inches (10 - 21 cm)
Designating any one plant the "perfect" perennial invariably provokes a lively debate among gardeners. However for gardening in the shade, one plant stands head and shoulders above the rest. Hostas are shade-tolerant, low maintenance, quite forgiving, incredibly elegant and, quite possibly, habit-forming.
Hostas are hardy, herbaceous perennials meaning they emerge each spring from winter dormancy. Unlike many perennials, they are primarily grown for their foliage.
Common name(s): Plantain Lily, Funkias
Flower colours: white and lavender, Foliage colors range from chartreuse to deep blue-green, and many varieties have striking variegation.
Bloom time: Summer
Max reachable height: 6 inches to 3 ft.
Difficulty to grow: Easy care/low maintenance
Hostas are generally purchased as potted plants which means they can be planted any time during the growing season including summer and fall as long as adequate moisture is provided. Work organic matter into the soil at the time of planting.
If the hosta is root-bound in the container, tease the roots loose before planting. Use a root stimulator solution at the time of planting to encourage root growth, then mulch to a depth of 1" to 1-1/2". Keep the soil evenly moist for at least a couple of months or until the plant is established.
Sunlight: Light to full shade.
Soil: Well drained soil. For the best care of hostas, plant them in rich organic soil with a slightly acidic pH.
Water: When placed in sites with more sun exposure, additional water will be needed to help avoid leaf scorch. While trees provide essential shade, they also compete with hostas for moisture and nutrients. Once established, hosta can tolerate a drier shade although they will always be more vigorous with consistent moisture.
Temperature: The plants need about eight weeks of temperatures below forty degrees. Freeze and thaw can harm the plants if you are in an area that experiences warm days and extremely cold nights.
Fertilizer: Hosta growers prefer an annual application of 10-10-10.
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Culinary use: na
Disclaimer: The image is for reference purposes only. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height, etc.